Giorgio wrote: Joseph Chikva wrote:
Betruger wrote:You can't have a "forum" if communications therein are scrambled beyond comprehension.
Make an effort. The rest of us non-native english speakers have.
I will try.
But there is a universal language as for example MSimon said.
That is numbers, theory, formulas, etc..
Less interesting for most people here as I have seen.
There is no math engine to write formulas on this forum, so the use of formulas is limited.
Maybe in the future someone will implement it, than it will become more easy. Until than we have to stick to words to express our concepts.
SDpeaking of confusion, there is no contentionthat the mass deficite- total binding energy always goes up withnucleus groth. This has been steted by me and many sources repeatedly. What is the bone of contention is that this leads to the release of energy heat in all cases. The binding energy per nucleon determines this, not the total binding energy. Please try to comprehend that energy does not nessisarily = heat in a system. Kinetic energy implies heat increase, potential energy implies the opposite. There are two primary forces involved in the binding energy. It is the balance between these two forces that determines whether heat is released. If the nucleus potential energy goes up it has to be endothermicThe only possibility is to convert between potential and kinetic energy. The two forces are the strong force and electromagnatism (or coulomb force) Electromagnetic repulsion between protons leads to them trying to seperate. while the strong force effect is greater, the nucleus will stay bound, but they will be packed less tight. This packing fraction is a measure of the potential energy of the system.
Do you deny that the strong force tries to draw nucleons together, once they are in range?
...that the strong force is range limited to only a few nucleon diameters?
....that nucleons have a finite diameter and thus cannot be compressed to point like dimensions, without invoking physical processes that are not important for nuclear fusion or fission (eg - black holes)?
...that the electromagnetic force tries to push protons apart?
...that the electromagnetic force has a longer range than the strong force?
...that both both strong force and electromagnetic force mediated energy is energy and that E=MC^2 applies to both and thus both are a part of the mass deficit in a bound nucleus?
...That the effects are in opposition to each other, so that the final effect is the difference between them?
...that different nuclei have different numbers and proportions of protons and neutrons, which changes the binding energy per nucleon?
...that we are not talking about creating isotopes by adding or removing, or converting one, or a few nucleons at a time?
...that magically creating instantaneously a nucleus of X amount of nucleons from a totally unbound collection of nucleons? single exception is fusion of hydrogen.
...that is is an iterative process and the binding energy per nucleon applies as it is added or subtracted?
that this is stated in many different sources that have been presented?
To error is human... and I'm very human.